Hasib Momand
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Site location

Block number 68. Block just south of the Gold's building between 10th and 11th and M and N streets.
Structural / programmatic grids

The developers ask for 3 levels of parking 2 of which need to be underground. Because of this, the structural grid of parking must accommodate for proportion and grid layouts of the rest of the development up above. This diagram shows that the 60'x30' grid can accommodate appropriate sizes for all programs while being the most economic option.
Structural and programmatic relations

The diagram shows each program and how they stack up within 1 structural bay.
Parking layouts

Because parking is a major design driver of the development, parking typologies and circulation layouts must be studied. There are essentially two types of parking garages. 1. A combination of ramp and slab, 2. A combination of ramps.
Ramp and slab - Study

This type requires a bigger real estate area because rise to run ratio for the ramp is effectively halved; but does offer the advantage for the flat slab to be re-purposed to a different program in future. At least double the area of ramp is required to create a closed loop to avoid traffic jams.
Ramp and ramp - Study

This type requires a smaller real estate area compared to 'ramp and slab' type because parking and vertical circulation are integrated together. A closed loop is created with effectively half the area of 'ramp and slab'. Because there is no flat slabs, it cannot be re-purposed to a different program at a future time.
Retail typologies

Here, two main retail typologies are studied. The first is the Rout 66 strip mall which has an interesting way of 'trapping' shoppers so that every store gets exposed by putting the parking in the beginning of a loop. The second is the typical American mall where the main destinations are big box stores, located at anchor points and smaller stores are between bigger stores to maximize exposure to customers.
Constraints of modular construction

The size of modules are restricted by two factors. 1. Construction jigs and 2. Transportation constraints from factory to site. Construction jigs are usually designed with transportation constraints in mind. The limiting factor for transportation to this site is I-80. The dimensions of the truck bed is considered to derive the module sizes that could be used for this project.
Block prototyping and type morphology

Thinking conceptually about the development of the block, design experiments start with a series of normative blocking with qualitative and formative operations. A series of general building types are hybridized as idea generators and specific ones are chosen and manipulated to fit the context of the site and program.
Selected block mash-ups

A total of 8 block mash-ups are selected to be further analyzed and tested on site.
Selected block mash-ups

The selected mash-up is the courtyard type (far right). It provides a balance between high efficiency, views and flexibility. The basic type is put on site to be further modified to accommodate for site constraints.
Building morphology

Existing site is used as surface parking.
Building morphology

We start with a blank slate with a buildable area of 300' x 300'.
Prgram - Parking

The brief asks for three levels of parking.
Program - Retail

1 level of retail is added.
Program - Unspecified civic space

About half way through the project, it was decided by Prof. Steve Hardy to add an extra floor for an unspecified civic space.
Program - Residential

Residential space is added above all other programs.
Parking location

3 levels of parking is pushed underground with a few parking stalls available on the first floor for handicap as well as service vehicles.
Master plan implementation

The city asks for a 10' green strip along the northern side walk on M street.
Master plan implementation

The 10' green strip is enough to create a buffer between the steet and the building but it is not enough to create a desirable space that could add real value to the building. It ends up being a dead space.
Green strip setback

10' green strip setback.
Additional setback

An additional 20' is added to the setback to allow room for landscaping opportunities on the southern side of the building that receives plenty of sun. The total setback is 30' leaving the building a footprint of 300 x 270'.
Residential morphology

The previous block morphology showed the courtyard as an ideal candidate for residential units. Courtyards are very efficient and provide an outdoor experience that in the cold climate of Nebraska is desirable.
Residential morphology

Currently the residential units sit right next to the busy 10th street. While an ADT (Average daily traffic) of 26,000 is certainly not high with the context of a big city in mind, it does produce considerable levels of noise.
Residential morphology

The residential units on the side of 10th street are set back to alleviate noise problems emitting from 10th street traffic.
Residential morphology

The same logic for noise control is carried out to M street
Residential morphology

But the ADT of 7,700 does no produce enough noise to require a setback.
Residential morphology

The previous logic is carried out to 11th street.
Residential morphology

Noise levels produced by an ADT of 3,433 is not enough to required a setback.
Residential morphology

The previous logic is carried out to N street.
Residential morphology

An ADT of 6,666 does not produce enough noise to require a setback.
Traffic flow

One way traffic around the block does not make it easy for cars to get to the building or go to places. For this reason, two entrances are added for ease of commuting.
Traffic flow

Entrances are two-way and located on M and N streets.

Entrance flow of parking.

Exit flow of parking.

First floor to parking relation.

Retail wraps around the block with parking entrance and ground floor parking in the interior.
Truck drop-off and pick-up

Trucks have docking locations that do not interfere with parking garage flow. They are located such that they are accessible from both M and N street sides.
Grafted program

The brief requires students to come up with their own program. Our team sees a need for a lecture hall that could be rented by various businesses including the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
Unspecified civic space

Unspecified civic space - a foot print of 300' x 270' is added on top of retail.

Residential space in on top of all other program.
Double loaded corridor

Double loaded corridor provides the maximum efficiency to the residential program.

Areas of the residential program that do not receive light are used for support program.
NE corner

The units on the NE corner are taken out to provide a smaller intimate space for residents. Taking the NE corner out creates two corner units as supposed to one which has the added benefit of more windows - allowing for 5 additional 4-bed units.
Egress and elevator cores

Egress stairs are added at four corners of the block. The construction type of the building is A1 and 3 egress cores would have been sufficient to satisfy code, but for a high efficiency, full block development, a fourth egress core is added for safety. Only 1 elevator core (2 cabs) is added to encourage residents to use stairs. It's healthy.
P3.2 - Interior development

At this phase of the project, focus is turned to interior and tectonic design of modules.
Idea: Nested modularity

The interior design process brings to surface an important question for the developers: “How many 1-bed, 2-bed, 3-bed or 4-bed units are needed?” Because there isn't a clear answer to this question, an idea is emerged: could the layout of a single manufactured unit be such that when put next to another would allow for future expansion by simply taking a partition wall out?
Flexible module 1

This configuration puts the bedroom next to an exterior wall to allow light in the bedroom and satisfy code. No light or very little light (with the use of transom) can get in the living space. Once two modules are combined, the resulting living space would get much bigger. This bigger space with no windows to outside would not make for an attractive living/social space.
Flexible module 2

This configuration solves the problem of lighting in the living space and once combined the resulting living room would be of great size that allows for nice living/social space. The problem is that with this option, the efficiency of the total block is reduced by 50%. The proper solution is to derive the specific configurations (1-bed or 4-bed...) with no future flexibility.
Façade development

To add a balcony or not? It is unclear whether every unit will benefit from a balcony or what percentage would? Because of lack of data and clear desire for balconies, the decision is defaulted to a binary - 50% with balcony and 50% without. This is achieved by creating an 'inny' vs. 'outty' condition that has the added benefit of expanding field of view by 20 degrees.
Interior layout

2-bed unit vs. 4-bed unit.
Single unit - inny

The 'inny' unit has a balcony of 4' depth at the deepest point.
Single unit - inny

Rendering showing materiality.
Single unit - outty

The 'outty' unit has a seating area instead of a balcony.
Single unit - outty

Rendering showing materiality.
Ground floor - highlights

Entrance to the residential units is located on the NE corner of the building, labelled 1. Entrance for residential units (private) is located here and away from lecture hall entrance and civic space (public) entrances to create an explicit separation between the public and private functions of the building.
Residential floor - highlights

Located on the third floor, the building configuration provides three different outdoor areas for residents. The first is on the west side of the building suitable for group gatherings and social events. The inner part of the courtyard is allocated for use by many small groups. The third outdoor space is located on the NE corner of the 3rd floor and is designated for smaller group gatherings.

At the very center of the courtyard is a water feature that can be replaced by a fire pit to allow for outdoor social gatherings during cold season which is a significant part of Nebraskan life.
10th street side

Rendering showing the outdoor space by 10th street as well as the public program of the building.
NE corner

Rendering showing NE corner of the building featuring the small outdoor space.
South façade

Rendering showing south façade and south entrance.

[Fall Semester 2012]

[Instructor: Steve Hardy]

[In collaboration with: Nick May & Ryan Plager]

A mashup is any or all of text, graphics, audio, video, animation, and design which recombines and modifies existing works to create a derivative work. A mashup or bootleg (also mesh, mash up, mash-up, blend and bastard-combo) is a composition created by blending two or more existing compositions. To the extent that such works are "transformative" of original content and organizational syntax innovation may occur in the form of a new hybrid, mutant, or typological design prototype.

Systems-built or modular construction takes a cue from the automobile industry and has gradually transformed the building industry to accept pre-built components as a necessity. From simple roof trusses to prefabricated stair systems, these pre-made components made construction quicker and easier. As manufacturing technology advanced, residential and high-rise construction embraced more complex pre-built components and, eventually, entire volumetric unit components. These volumetric units, built off-site in a climate-controlled environment before being shipped to the site for assembly, are not merely "pre-fabricated", but highly designed, engineered, and manufactured units.

The first aim of UrbanBLOCKmashUp is to explore urban block type mashups and remixes which engage vertical, block-volume, and oblique zoning that prompt multiple programs and mixed-use urban activity. The second aim of UrbanBLOCKmashUp is to explore and utilize modular construction techniques both as a means to achieve construction and economic efficiencies and as a highly syntactical bottom-up & inside-outside design process. Working within the conceptual notion of modular construction and urbanblock protoTYPING, students will negotiate the design and development of one Lincoln urban block (approx. 400’ x 400’ between N and M and 10th and 11th). This year we will be working on the project as an explorative design exploration/experiment for two Chicago developers, the Argent Group and We Compete, and collaborating with the Lincoln Economic and Urban Development offices. The groups will serve as a client base for the project and provide expertise and critiques throughout the project process. The program will be mixed use with underground parking, retail, above grade parking, and a residential lifestyle ‘micro-unit’ community above. Rather than create a discontinuous collage of individual projects, students are asked to work in small groups to generate cohesive designs that celebrate and mediate programmatic differences.

Project requirements and phases

Phase 1

Phase 2

Phase 3

Phase 4